Salman Khan Bio, Age, Wiki, Height, Girlfriend, Affairs, Net Worth & Movie List

Salman Khan
Salman Khan
Salman Khan

Salman Khan is a famous Indian film actor, occasional singer, producer, and television personality who is also known as Abdul Rashid Salim Salman Khan. Is it possible to imagine the scenario of the Bollywood film industry without three Khans – Salman, Aamir, and Shahrukh? I think it is an absolute nightmare for the fans to imagine the Bollywood industry without them. They bring the industry to the highest peak; perhaps it would be impossible without their fantastic acting performance.

Today, we are going to discuss in detail the most eligible bachelor in the Bollywood industry Salman Khan who kicked off the journey in the industry, appearing for a supporting role in the film ‘Biwi Ho To Aisi’ in 1988 and never looked back in career. The handsome looking actor Khan has been entertaining to the audience for nearly 32 years.

Early Life, Family, Education

Salman Khan was born on December 27, 1965, in Indore, India, to parents Salim Khan and Sushila Charak. He is the eldest son born to his father Salim Khan and his first wife Sushila Charak. He belongs to an Afghan ancestry form the paternal side; they immigrated to Indore, Madhya Pradesh, in the mid-1800s.

His paternal grandfather Abdul Rashid Khan was a Deputy Inspector General of the Indore state, and maternal grandfather Baldev Singh Charak comes from Jammu-Kashmir. Khan’s mother is a Maharashtrian. The Bollywood actor has two brothers- Arbaaz Khan and Sohail Khan and two sisters, Alvira Khan Agnihotri and Arpita, who is adopted.

His siblings are connected with the Bollywood entertainment industry. Arbaaz Khan is an actor, producer, and director; Sohali Khan belongs to the same profession; Alvira Khan Agnihotri is a film producer and fashion designer who married actor and director Atul Agnihotri; Arpita Khan is an interior designer who married Aayush Sharma in 2014.  

Salman Khan is not a highly educated celebrity who did primary education at The Scindia School, Gwalior. Then he studied at St. Stanislaus High School in Bandra, Mumbai. He also attended St. Xavier’s College in Mumbai but dropped out.

Salman Khan Career

In fact, Khan’s filmography is long and consistently entertaining to the audience, and he is so much care about selecting script so that his reputation does not fall down. He only releases a maximum of two or three movies per year.

However, the Bollywood star Salman Khan made his acting debut in the Bollywood film industry in 1988, starring in the family drama film ‘Biwi Ho To Aisi’ for a supporting role with co-artists Rekha and Farooq Shaikh.

He rose to fame when he did an acting performance in the career second movie titled ‘Maine Pyar Kiya’ in 1989. In this movie, she acted with looking appealing actress Bhagyashree Patwardhan, but she could not grab the attention of fans like Salman Khan later. The Bollywood romantic family drama movie became one of the highest-grossing Indian films for that time.

In 1990, he appeared in the box office hit movie ‘Baaghi: A Rebel for Love’ using his initial success in the film industry. Then he starred in several moderate box office hit movies like Patthar Ke Phool, Sanam Bewafa, and Kurbaan. Now his career began steam and able to draw the attention of famous directors like Lawrence D’Souza. In 1991, he acted in the Hindi language romantic drama film ‘Saajan’ with Madhuri Dixit and Sanjay Dutt directed by Lawrence D’Souza.

He acted in the movie ‘Andaz Apna Apna’ with another superhero Aamir Khan in 1994 but failed to achieve significant something as it commercially flopped. Khan did not take so much time to come back on the right track, that year; he starred in the movie blockbuster Hindi romantic drama film ‘Hum Aapke Hain Koun..!’ with Madhuri Dixit. The movie won the Filmfare Award in three categories. The movie has a great impact on the wedding celebrations in the subcontinent, songs from the movies frequently play on the occasion.

In 1995, she shared the screen with Shah Rukh Khan in the movie as ‘Karan Arjun’ and his acting role as Karan won a nomination for the 1995 Filmfare Best Actor Award. He appeared in the Hindi romantic comedy film ‘Pyaar Kiya To Darna Kya’ opposite Kajol for the first time.

It was the box office hit movie that year and conveyed several prestigious awards for him. Then Khan had an extended cameo in Karan Johar’s film ‘Kuch Kuch Hota Hai’ with Shah Rukh Khan and Kajol and won a second Filmfare Award under the Best Supporting Actor category.

In 1999, he showed off a wonderful acting performance in the romantic drama film ‘Hum Dil De Chuke Sanam’ with Aishwarya Rai and Ajay Devgan. Following a year in 2000, he shared the screen with Rani Mukerji in Indian Hindi-language romantic drama film ‘Chori Chori Chupke Chupke’ directed by Abbas-Mustan. Then he acted in a moderately successful movie ‘Hum Tumhare Hain Sanam’ in 2002.

Are you looking for an evergreen Bollywood movie? Just see the movie ‘Tere Naam’, where Salman Khan made an outstanding acting performance with Bhumika Chawla, who is not seen in numbers of Bollywood films so far, but she has a vivid presence in the Telugu films.

Indeed, the movie is a masterpiece directed by Satish Kaushik. Khan’s acting in the movie touches the heart of fans extensively, and his tragic appearance in the movie can make a melancholy feeling on you while watching the movie.

Moving on for the next two box office hit movies- ‘Mujhse Shaadi Karogi’ and ‘No Entry’ respectively in 2004 and 2005. Then he geared up for the Hollywood debut and began the journey starring in the romantic musical comedy film ‘Marigold’ alongside American actress Ali Larter.

Second Phase

I think his career has a second part, which started after appearing in the movie ‘Wanted’ in 2019. From this time to the present, he has given us the number of blockbuster films. Now, the atmosphere gets shape that Salman Khan’s movie will be blockbuster whatever he releases, although he cares enough selecting script. His filtering of script drives the huge business because he picks the best one, or it seems to be not perfect; simply he ignores it.

The movie ‘Wanted’ is a remake of the Telugu film Pokri, where he stared with actress Ayesha Takia directed by Prabhu Deva. In the action thriller movie, his acting grabbed the attention of fans largely and established him as a versatile, talented actor in Bollywood.

In 2010, Salman Khan came with new energy, and the year is to reshape his fortune. He appeared in the blockbuster acting comedy film ‘Dabangg’ with co-actress Sonakshi Sinha, directed by Abhinav Kashyap, and produced by Malaika Arora and his brother Arbaaz Khan.

Literally, the movie proves Khan’s talent again that makes nearly 2.19 billion revenue and huge positive reviews from the critics. The movie was followed by two sequels: Dabangg 2 and Dabangg 3.

Nearly, every year comes for Salman Khan’s better destiny, please observe! He made two films in 2011 respectively ‘Ready’ and ‘Bodyguard’. If you are small fans of the Bollywood film industry, certainly you have seen how these movies made an impact in the industry and generated profit for the directors. Salman’s movie does not fail to make a profit so far.

Which Salman’s movie makes you most thrilled? It will be ‘Ek Tha Tiger.’ In 2012, he starred in the Hindi-language romantic action thriller film with Katrina Kaif directed and co-written by Kabir Khan and produced by Aditya Chopra.

Which Salman’s Khan Movie can be placed in the number one position if you make a list depend on story and performance? It will be ‘Bajrangi Bhaijaan’ that can hit you emotionally. In 2015, he acted in the comedy-drama film alongside Harshaali Malhotra, Nawazuddin Siddiqui, and Kareena Kapoor Khan, directed by Kabir Khan. The movie grossing 1.84 billion in its first week beat the PK, and it makes 6 billion worldwide. Now the movie is the second highest-grossing Bollywood film in India.

He emerged as a romantic boy at the age of nearly fifty in the movie ‘Prem Ratan Dhan Payo’ with Sonam Kapoor. The movie receives mixed reviews from the critics. It was directed by Sooraj Barjatya and produced by Rajshri Productions.

Next, Salman Khan starred in the sports drama film ‘Sultan’ in 2016 alongside Anushka Sharma and Randeep Hooda. The got positive reviews and grossed 365 million on its opening day and earn 5.83 billion worldwide. 

He acted in the war drama film ‘Tubelight’ in 2017. This year, he released ‘Tiger Zinda Hai’, a sequel of ‘Ek Tha Tiger.’ Dabangg 3 was released on December 20, 2019. Now, he has been acting in the Indian action film ‘Radhe’ that is scheduled to release on May 22, 2020. 

Production Career

Why do you not use your stardom in other showbiz related business? Yes, Salman Khan does this by launching a production company called SKBH Productions (Salman Khan Being Human Productions) in 2011, promising the profit from the production house will go to charity. Its first film is ‘Chillar Party,’ a children comedy film that won 3 National Awards for Best Children’s film. The second movie of the production is ‘Shikshanachya Aaicha Gho.’

After moderate success in the production business and being a bit experienced, he launched another production company named SKF (Salman Khan Films) that is more successful than the first one. The first movie under the house is ‘Dr. Cabbie’, a Canadian romantic comedy film starred by Kunal Nayyar and Adrianne Palicki. Then the production house releases its second movie called ‘Hero’, a romantic acting film. The most successful work of the SKF is ‘Bajrangi Bhaijaan’, where Salman Khan is starring himself with Kareena Kapoor.

Television

At first, Salman Khan hit the television screen hosting the reality show ’10 Ka Dum’, an Indian version of the popular international reality game show Power of 10. Then he appeared in several shows like Kaun Banega Crorepati, Rahul Dulhaniya Le Jayega, and MasterChef. But what does make him more successful? Definitely, it is Bigg Boss. It is the most popular television reality show ever in India, which aired on Colors television.

Mentor

Salman Khan has mentored some emerging Bollywood actors using his experience. Also, he is the inspiration for many Bollywood actors like Hrithik Roshan and Arjun Kapoor. He has extended his helping advising hand not only to actors but also many composers, singers, and directors like Himesh Reshammiya, Sajid–Wajid, and Sanjay Leela Bhansali. Now, he is mentoring Rinzing, son of Danny Denzongpa.

Philanthropy

Indeed, Salman Khan is engaged in several charitable works like other celebrities of Bollywood. He founded a production house called SKBH Productions (Salman Khan Being Human Productions) to help the underprivileged people focusing on releasing their educational and healthcare problems. Moreover, he launched an NGO titled Being Human for raising charitable funds, which sells T-shirts and other products online.

Marital Status

Are you screwed up about his marital status? Yes, it is a matter of strange; Salman Khan is still unmarried at his 54 years old in 2020. There is any possibility of his marriage? I think no. About his marriage, a lot of juicy news spread out on the mainstream media; these are the only assumption but the reality far away. Literally, he has never been married and possibly singly but had several speculated relationships in his life.

Girlfriend, Affairs

Salman Khan is enough speculating for personal life in the Bollywood industry. He changes his girlfriend frequently, like washing hands. In his 32 year career, he had been in a relationship with several high profile actresses like Aishwarya Rai and Katrina Kaif. At first, he builds up a relationship with actress Sangeeta Bijlani according to india.com. Then he falls in love with actress Somy Ali. In 1999, Khan began dating looking charming actress Aishwarya Rai which grabbed the attention of media largely, but the couple separated in 2001.

His relationship with Katrina Kaif got the huge mainstream media’s headlines and most speculated across India. Many people think the Salman-Katrina’s affair is the most high profile celebrities love in Bollywood history. In an interview in 2001, Kaif admitted, ‘’I had been in a serious relationship with Salman Khan for several years.’’ The couple called it over in 2010 and separated from each other. Love knows no boundary; now, he is in a relationship with Romanian actress Iulia Vântur since 2012. 

Iulia Vântur
Salman Khan Girlfriend Iulia Vântur

Controversies

A lot of controversies are embroiled his life due to his personal relationship, fighting with actors, and poaching deer, reckless driving, and more. We curated a list of his controversies.

Blackbuck hunting Case: Salman Khan was charged for the killing of a deer while he was in the shooting spot with co-stars Saif Ali Khan, Sonali Bendre, Neelam and Tabu in the forest near Jodhpur in 1998. In 2007, he was in jail, accused by the allegation before getting bail from the higher court. Earlier, he was sentenced to one year in prison due to hinting an endangered species Chinkara, but the sentence was stayed by a higher court depend on his appeal.

If you fall in any case once, whatever power or fame you have, you have to need time to recover it or even have to face punishment. Jodhpur court convicted Salman on the blackbuck poaching case. And provide him five years imprisonment on April 5, 2018, and send him to jail as well. In this case, “Hum Saath Saath Hain” co-stars, Saif Ali Khan, Tabu, Neelam, and Sonali Bendre get the benefit of the doubt from the court. Following two days of custody, he was released on April 7, 2018, on bail, pending appeal.

Arms Act violations case: He faced a charge for allegedly keeping and using firearms with an expired license under sections 3/25 and 3/27 of the Arms Act.

Hit-and-run case: Salman Khan was arrested on September 28, 2002, due to killing a man by a reckless driving while he was sleeping on the pavement outside the bakery in Mumbai, and more three people were injured. A culpable homicide charge was framed formally against him on July 24, 2013, but he pleaded not guilty.

Later he was found guilty in the case’s charges, and the Bombay Session Court stated he was drunk while his car ran into the bakery and killed a person and injured seriously other four homeless people and gave sentenced him to five years in prison. But he got bail from Mumbai High Court, and Khan was acquitted of all charges due to lack of evidence from the case.

The prime witness Police Constable Ravindra Patil was kidnapped and eventually murdered, that is a mystery to us still. Many think Salman Khan is the mastermind behind the crime. Maharashtra government challenged the acquittal of Khan to the Supreme Court on July 5, 2016, but the court refused to fast-track the case.

Relationship with Aishwarya Rai: Aishwarya Rai’s parents framed a charge against Salman Khan following the break up the couple in 2002 accusing that Khan harassing their daughter, sending an illicit message or giving threat. Later they withdraw the allegation being failed to prove it.

Tweets on Yakub Memon: His tweet supporting the Yakub Memon raises huge criticism across the country who is guilty of the 1993 Bombay bombings.

Fight with Shah Rukh Khan (2008): It is known that he is not in a good relationship with Shah Rukh Khan. The duo’s clash at Katrina Kaif’s birthday party was speculated badly in the country.

Net Worth

Salman Khan is considered the second richest actor in the Bollywood entertainment industry after Shah Rukh Khan, with a net worth $250 million. Most of his income comes from acting in the film industry.

Height, Body Statistics

Salman Khan is not tall enough comparing other Bollywood actors only 5 feet 8 inches, but well-built. He has short, black hair, but he is going bald slowly.

Social Media

Khan has a vivid presence on social media. He has more than 40 million followers on Twitter and Facebook, and 31 million followers on Instagram in 2020.

Vacation

Currently, the Bollywood star has been passing leisure time in the Panvel Farmhouse, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India with his family, friends, and girlfriend Iulia Vântur. He chooses the house for enjoying social distancing due to the COVID-19 outbreak.

Biography & Wiki
Full NameAbdul Rashid Salim Salman Khan
Nick NameSallu, Bhaijan
Profession(s)Actor, Producer, Entrepreneur
Famous ForWanted
Personal Life
Date of Birth (DOB), BirthdayDecember 27, 1965
Age (As of 2020)54 years old.
Birth PlaceIndore, India
Star Sign/Zodiac SignCapricorn
NationalityIndian
HometownIndore, Madhya Pradesh, India
ReligionIslam
Food HabitNon-Vegetarian
HobbiesTraveling, Painting
Physical Stats & More
Height (approx.)in centimeters– 172 cm
in meters-1.72 m
in feet inches– 5’8”
Weight (approx.)74 kg
Eye ColorBrown
Hair ColorBlack
Chest45 Inches
Waist35 Inches
Biceps17 Inches
Tattoo DetailsNone
Family
FatherSalim Khan (Screenwriter)
MotherSushila Charak (birth name), Helen (stepmother)
BrotherSohail Khan, Arbaaz Khan (both younger)
SisterAlvira, Arpita (both younger)
Famous RelativesNot Known
Relationships & More
Marital StatusUnmarried
WifeN/A
Affairs(Girlfriend)
  1. Sangeeta Bijlani (actress)
  2. Somy Ali (actress)
  3. Sangeeta Bijlani (actress) [24]
  4. Salman Khan with Sangeeta Bijlani
  5. Somy Ali (actress) [25]
  6. Salman Khan with Somi Ali
  7. Aishwarya Rai (actress) (1999-2002)
  8. Katrina Kaif (actress) (2003-2010)
  9. Faria Alam (Former Model & Football Association Secretary) (1996)
  10. Iulia Vantur (actress) (2016)
Dating HistoryCurrently, he dating actress Iulia Vantur.
Sexual Orientation (Gay or Lesbian)Straight
ChildrenN/A
Educational & Qualification
Highest Degreedrooped out
UniversityUnder Review
CollegeSt. Xavier’s College, Mumbai
School• Scindia School, Gwalior
• St. Stanislaus High School, Bandra, Mumbai
Source of Income, Net Worth & Car Collection
Net worth$250 million
Income SourceActing
Car CollectionNot Known
Favorite Things
Favorite ActressHema Malini
Favorite ActorDilip Kumar, Govinda, Sylvester Stallone
Favorite SingerSonu Nigam, Sunidhi Chauhan
Favorite FoodSpicy Italian food, Pav Bhaji,
home-cooked food
RestaurantChina Garden, Mumbai
FilmCasablanca
BeverageIce-Tea
DessertSitaphal ice cream
SportSwimming
SongJab Hum Jawan’ by Shabbir Kumar
Fashion Brand(s)Giorgio Armani and Gianni Versace
Film DirectorSooraj Barjatya
Cricketer(s)Sachin Tendulkar, Yuvraj Singh, Imran Khan,
CarsLexus LX 470, W221 Mercedes Benz S-Class, Audi Q7, Audi R8, BMW X6, BMW X5, Range Rover Vogue, Mercedes Benz GL-Class,
Holiday DestinationPanvel Farmhouse, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Movies/ Tv shows & Advertisement
Movie List
  1. Biwi Ho To Aisi (1988)
  2. Maine Pyar Kiya (1989)
  3. Baaghi: A Rebel for Love (1990)
  4. Sanam Bewafa (1991)
  5. Patthar Ke Phool (1991)
  6. Kurbaan (1991)
  7. Saajan (1991)
  8. Love (1991)
  9. Suryavanshi (1992)
  10. Ek Ladka Ek Ladki (1992)
  11. Jaagruti (1992)
  12. Nishchaiy (1992)
  13. Chandra Mukhi (1993)
  14. Dil Tera Aashiq (1993)
  15. Hum Aapke Hain Koun..! (1994)
  16. Chaand Kaa Tukdaa (1994)
  17. Sangdil Sanam (1994)
  18. Karan Arjun (1995)
  19. Veergati (1995)
  20. Majhdhaar (1996)
  21. Khamoshi: The Musical (1996)
  22. Jeet (1996)
  23. Dushman Duniya Ka(1996)
  24. Judwaa (1997)
  25. Auzaar (1997)
  26. Dus (1997)
  27. Deewana Mastana (1997)
  28. Pyaar Kiya To Darna Kya (1998)
  29. Jab Pyaar Kisise Hota Hai (1998)
  30. Bandhan (1998)
  31. Kuch Kuch Hota Hai (1998)
  32. Sar Utha Ke Jiyo (1998)
  33. Jaanam Samjha Karo (1999)
  34. Biwi No.1 (1999)
  35. Sirf Tum (1999)
  36. Hum Dil De Chuke Sanam (1999)
  37. Hello Brother (1999)
  38. Hum Saath-Saath Hain (1999)
  39. Dulhan Hum Le Jayenge (2000)
  40. Chal Mere Bhai (2000)
  41. Har Dil Jo Pyar Karega (2000)
  42. Dhaai Akshar Prem Ke (2000)
  43. Kahin Pyaar Na Ho Jaaye (2000)
  44. Chori Chori Chupke Chupke (2001)
  45. Tumko Na Bhool Paayenge (2002)
  46. Hum Tumhare Hain Sanam (2002)
  47. Yeh Hai Jalwa (2002)
  48. Love at Times Square (2003)
  49. Stumped (2003)
  50. Tere Naam (2003)
  51. Baghban (2003)
  52. Garv (2004)
  53. Mujhse Shaadi Karogi (2004)
  54. Phir Milenge (2004)
  55. Dil Ne Jise Apna Kahaa (2004)
  56. Lucky: No Time for Love (2005)
  57. Maine Pyaar Kyun Kiya? (2005)
  58. No Entry (2005)
  59. Kyon Ki (2005)
  60. Shaadi Karke Phas Gaya Yaar (2006)
  61. Saawan… The Love Season (2006)
  62. Baabul (2006)
  63. Jaan-E-Mann (2006)
  64. Salaam-e-Ishq: A Tribute To Love (2007)
  65. Partner (2007)
  66. Marigold: An Adventure in India (2007)
  67. Om Shanti Om (2007)
  68. Saawariya (2007)
  69. God Tussi Great Ho (2008)
  70. Hello (2008)
  71. Heroes (2008)
  72. Yuvvraaj (2008)
  73. Wanted (2009)
  74. Main Aurr Mrs Khanna (2009)
  75. London Dreams (2009)
  76. Ajab Prem Ki Ghazab Kahani (2009)
  77. Veer (2009)
  78. Prem Kaa Game (2009)
  79. Dabangg (2010)
  80. Tees Maar Khan (2010)
  81. Isi Life Mein (2010)
  82. Ready (2011)
  83. Chillar Party (2011)
  84. Bodyguard (2011)
  85. Tell Me O Kkhuda (2011)
  86. Ek Tha Tiger (2012)
  87. Son of Sardaar (2012)
  88. OMG – Oh My God! (2012)
  89. Dabangg 2 (2012)
  90. Ishkq in Paris (2013)
  91. Phata Poster Nikhla Hero (2013)
  92. Jai Ho (2014)
  93. O Teri (2014)
  94. Main Tera Hero (2014)
  95. Lai Bhaari (2014)
  96. Fugly (2014)
  97. Kick (2014)
  98. Being Bhaijaan (2014)
  99. Dr. Cabbie (2014)
  100. Bajrangi Bhaijaan (2015)
  101. Hero (2015)
  102. Prem Ratan Dhan Payo (2015)
  103. Sultan (2016)
  104. Freaky Ali (2016)
  105. Hanuman Da’ Damdaar (2017)
  106. Tubelight (2017)
  107. Judwaa 2 (2017)
  108. Tiger Zinda Hai (2017)
  109. Welcome to New York (2018)
  110. Race 3 (2018)
  111. Yamla Pagla Deewana: Phir Se (2018)
  112. Loveyatri (2018)
  113. Zero (2018)
  114. Notebook (2019)
  115. Bharat (2019)
  116. Dabangg 3 (2019)
  117. Radhe (2020)
Television
  1. 10 Ka Dum
  2. Bigg Boss
  3. 8th Star Guild Awards
  4. 9th Star Guild Awards
  5. Super Night with Tubelight
  6. The Kapil Sharma Show
  7. Nach Baliye
AdvertisementCampa Cola, Limca Soft drink, Hero Honda bikes, Pepsi, Mountain Dew and many more.
Awards
  • National Film Awards
  • Filmfare Awards
  • Star Screen Award
  • IIFA Awards
  • Zee Cine Awards
  • Stardust Awards
  • BIG Star Entertainment Awards
Social Media & Contact Details
Facebookhttps://www.facebook.com/BeingSalmanKhan/
Twitterhttps://twitter.com/BeingSalmanKhan
Instagramhttps://www.instagram.com/beingsalmankhan/?hl=en
ResidenceGalaxy Apartments, Bandra, Mumbai, Maharashtra
Phone NumberNot Known
Email AddressNot Known

Unknown facts of Salman Khan

  • He was a swimming lover in childhood.
  • He passed childhood with brothers Arbaaz Khan and Sohail Khan in Bandra, Mumbai.
  • His voice in the debut movie was dubbed by a dubbing artist.
  • He was offered for the negative lead role in the movie Baazigar but rejected by him, later which was replaced by Shah Rukh Khan, and the movie becomes a blockbuster.  
  • Khan always wears a bracelet that he believes as a lucky one.  
  • He is a soap lover.
  • He flew crew from Mumbai to London to cook up continental food for the entire cast and crew of the movie ‘London Dreams’.
  • Khan had trigeminal neuralgia, a chronic pain.
  • His wax statue was established in the Madame Tussaud.
  • Khan’s father wanted him to be a cricketer, but he personally aspired to be a writer.
  • He had a phone call fight with Vivek Oberoi when he was in a relationship with Aishwarya Rai.
  • In 2015, he beat the US former president Barack Obama on the list of ‘The Most Admired Personalities of India.
  • He is a painter alongside his acting career.
  • He has no email address.
  • He has two dogs named My Jaan and My Son; two pet horse named Bhaijaan and Bajrangi.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *